In this series we explore Powerful Learning, a set of principles to guide educators designing learning experiences that engage the hearts and minds of learners and incorporate technology in ways that contribute to closing the Digital Learning Gap. In this second post, we explore how Powerful Learning is authentic and challenging, share research that grounds these two principles, and provide resources to support your own learning and teaching practices.
Powerful learning must be authentic and challenging. When students are engaged in work that has an audience and impact outside of their classrooms, they are more motivated to persist in overcoming learning challenges. Authentic and challenging lessons develop the habits of mind that students need to be empathetic global citizens and engaged members of their communities.
Learning experiences that challenge students to perform at the highest reaches of their abilities while tackling authentic and meaningful goals can drive students toward achieving their most ambitious learning goals.
Research shows that student engagement increases when relevance, value, and authenticity are maximized. Students are more invested in learning when they know why they’re learning something—and it’s important to note that not all learners will be motivated by the same purpose.
Specifically, when students learn with compassionate or altruistic intentions and can connect their learning to their ability to help others, they view their work as more meaningful and beneficial. Cultivating these intentions has been shown to enhance students’ persistence.
Technology can afford students and teachers new opportunities to connect with real problems and real audiences. Educators can use frameworks and pedagogical approaches such as Challenge Based Learning, maker learning, and computational thinking to develop projects with students that serve their communities and prepare them to become the next generation of leaders and change-makers.
As one student in Hayward, CA, explained, “I hope to change the community by setting an example and inspiring others to take a risk or challenge in life.”
Having high expectations for all learners is a core value in education. Learning that isn’t mentally challenging will never achieve the goal of feeling authentic and valuable to students. Research shows that communicating high expectations and pushing learners to perform at the top of their abilities helps motivate students to reach their potential and keep them engaged in learning. Achieving a desirable level of difficulty pushes learners past their current abilities, engages the brain deeply, and lays the foundation for powerful learning. Adjusting to feedback from ongoing formative assessment during learning allows educators to offer the help students need so they continue to feel the right level of productive struggle.
Educators can help students develop the habits of mind for productive struggle by guiding their development of stronger executive function skills to support success and resilience in challenging learning environments. When students see failure as an opportunity to find out what they do not know and to adjust their learning strategies rather than as an indication of self-worth, they’re more likely to persevere.
Educators can practice these five strategies for cultivating a growth mindset to help them translate high expectations into student success.
Culturally responsive educators recognize the influence of students’ cultural diversity on learning. Cultural background influences the way students learn and communicate, which may be different from their teachers. Powerful learning is rooted in practices that respect students’ diverse backgrounds and provide opportunities to explore and develop their cultural identities.
Educators who focus on creating an authentic and challenging learning environment help learners understand that the biggest challenges they will be called on to solve go beyond and across all academic disciplines. They cultivate empowered learners who are purposeful, motivated, resourceful, and strategic.
Start taking action by identifying a connection between your curriculum and your local community. With this information, design a learning experience that allows students to learn (literally and figuratively) outside the walls of the school.
You can find inspiration for designing these types of experiences in this story from Charlottesville, VA—a center of political debate in August 2017. Students went beyond the textbook and used their community as a resource for learning about the Civil War. In the culminating event, students chose an “untold story” from their community and designed a memorial monument, which was then showcased to the community.
Find even more inspiration to make learning authentic and challenging in our Powerful Learning video playlist, which showcases examples of powerful learning from Digital Promise programs in action in schools and communities:
If you are an educator creating powerful learning experiences for your students that are authentic and challenging, consider earning some of these educator micro-credentials to be recognized for and share your accomplishments:
The principles of Powerful Learning guide educators to design learning experiences that are personal and accessible; authentic and challenging; connected and collaborative; and inquisitive and reflective. These learning experiences provide opportunities for students to deeply engage in their learning while using technology in ways that contribute to closing the Digital Learning Gap.
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